Sprouts:Sprouts-OutCasting 0058 - Title IX and transgender students 
Series: Title: Sub-title:
Sprouts  Sprouts-OutCasting 0058 - Title IX and transgender students   
Producer: Program type: Broadcast Restrictions:
Sprouts  Interviews  For non-profit use only. 
Summary: Featured speakers/guests:
Title IX is primarily known for preventing educational institutions from discriminating against women. But a less widely understood function of Title IX is protecting transgender students. Denying trans students access to the correct bathrooms, locker rooms, dorms, or sports teams, or otherwise mistreating them for being trans, can cause serious detriment to their health and safety. This is a type of discrimination based on sex, and it's important that trans students be protected from it.

The U.S. Transgender Survey found that 77% of Americans who were openly transgender in K-12 schooling were mistreated in some way for being trans. In addition, 24% of respondents who were openly trans in college reported being verbally, physically, or sexually harassed. This type of treatment has serious effects on trans peoples well-being. According to the same survey, 40% of trans Americans have attempted suicide, compared to 4.6% of the general U.S. population.

In 2016, the Obama administration issued a "Dear Colleague Letter" stating that "sex discrimination" in Title IX includes discrimination based on gender identity. This guidance drew immense backlash, including complaints that President Obama was overstepping his authority and forcing his personal opinions on local communities. However, the "Dear Colleague Letter" did not actually change legal policy; it was only a statement of how federal courts were already interpreting Title IX, meant to inform schools in making their own policies towards transgender students.

Nonetheless, the backlash led President Trump to rescind the "Dear Colleague Letter" in 2017. This caused public uncertainty about trans students' legal protections, and it prevented a case concerning the rights of a transgender student from being heard by the Supreme Court.

It's difficult for the law to be properly enforced unless citizens know their rights. Unfortunately, the uncertainty and misconceptions surrounding Title IX's protection of trans students means that it can feel like they practically need a law degree to understand their rights. OutCaster Andrew, a transgender high school senior, chose to create this series after being confused about what it means when colleges have "Title IX policies" covering gender identity discrimination. Aware of the political debate over the issue, he couldn't figure out if those policies were legally binding or not. If trans students dont understand their legal protections - or if those legal protections arent upheld - it can be difficult or impossible to secure the fair treatment they deserve.

In this two-part OutCasting series, OutCaster Andrew talks with Paul D. Castillo, Counsel and Students' Rights Strategist at the South Central Regional Office of Lambda Legal in Dallas. They discuss Title IX and its protections for transgender students in terms of how these policies came to be, recent political developments, legal interpretations, and the effects on trans students.
Paul D. Castillo, Counsel and Students' Rights Strategist at the South Central Regional Office of Lambda Legal in Dallas; OutCasting youth participant Andrew. 
Notes: Credits:
OutCasting is public radio's LGBTQ youth program, produced every month and featuring in-depth coverage of LGBTQ issues as seen from a fresh youth perspective. Available by the first day of every month. 29:00 duration.

We also produce OutCasting Overtime, generally shorter pieces in the range of 4 to 7 minutes, also available here on Audioport. Overtime pieces are suitable for use as drop-ins for longer programs. They're also available by the first day of every month.

Audio promos for this edition of OutCasting (29 and 59 seconds) with time at the end for your local tag are available here on Audioport as mp3 files. You can download wav files of these promos at

OutCasting youth participants Andrew, Alex, Amalee, Dante, Dhruv, Lucas. Executive Producer Marc Sophos. 
Gay/Lesbian/Bi/Trans | Gender | Schools  
Version 1:   
Total Length (HH:MM:SS)
Description Uploaded
  03-01-19 00:34 
Transcript, Announcer Script Location Recorded Release Date Language
View Script  NY, Dallas  03-06-2019  English 
Segment Length
File Info
sproutsoutcasting0058  128Kbps mp3 (26.66MB) Mono 


Find Programming
Add Programming
My Workroom

| Find Programming | Add Programming | My Workroom |
| Privacy Policy | Terms of Use | FAQ | Help | About | Contact |